Queen Elizabeth and Prince Philip today celebrate 67 years of marriage.
They spent the day visiting RAF Lossiemouth in Moray, Scotland, where they were welcomed to the UK’s most northerly RAF base with a special anniversary flypast.
The couple married on November 20, 1947 when then 21-year-old Princess Elizabeth wed Prince Philip of Greece and Denmark at Westminster Abbey.
Elizabeth met Prince Philip of Greece (her second cousins once removed through King Christian IX of Denmark and third cousins through Queen Victoria) when they attended the wedding of Philip’s cousin, Princess Marina of Greece, to Princess Elizabeth’s uncle, the Duke of Kent.
In order to marry Britain’s future queen, then Lieutenant Philip Mountbatten, then 26 years of age, had to become a naturalised British subject and changed his surname from Schleswig-Holstein-Sonderburg-Glücksburg and he had to renounce his own royal Greek and Danish titles.
After the wedding, he would be known as His Royal Highness The Duke of Edinburgh.
Elizabeth and Philip’s marriage provided a desperately needed morale boost to a country suffering the after-effects of WWII which had ended two years earlier.
In fact, rationing was still in place while Elizabeth’s wedding was being planned and she had to save ration coupons in order to buy the material needed for her ivory silk Norman Hartnell gown. Brides from across England sent in extra coupons to help Elizabeth walk down the aisle in the perfect wedding dress.
Royal protocol, however, dictated she must return them. Instead, she was granted an extra 200 coupons by the British Government.
The royal bride had eight bridesmaids, including her sister Princess Margaret and two of her cousins, and the newlyweds received more than 2,500 gifts and 10,000 telegrams from across the globe.
Elizabeth’s soft ivory duchess satin gown was created by renowned British designer Norman Hartnell, who dressed Elizabeth’s mother, Queen Elizabeth I. It was decorated with more than 10,000 American seed pearls and crystals, and was topped off with an intricate four-metre star-patterned train.
The dress was sewn using silver thread and also featured tulle embroidery.
Princess Elizabeth’s custom-made shoes were crafted using the same ivory duchess satin in her dress and it was embellished with pearls and silver thread.
The fringe tiara worn by Elizabeth was made for Queen Mary in 1919 and can be turned upside down and worn as a necklace. It was given to Queen Elizabeth’s mother and loaned to Princess Elizabeth for her wedding.
The shorter of Elizabeth’s pearl necklaces is said to have belonged to the last Stuart Queen, Ann, while the longer one, the Queen Caroline necklace, is thought to have belonged to the wife of King George II.
Both were given to Elizabeth as a wedding present from her father, King George VI.
The earrings worn by Princess Elizabeth were given to her by her own grandmother, Queen Mary, who herself received them from her aunty, Princess Mary, Duchess of Gloucester in 1897.
The bride’s bouquet was made of white orchids and a sprig of myrtle (from the very same bush grown from the myrtle in Queen Victoria’s own wedding bouquet) and, as per the family’s tradition, it was laid on the grave of the Unknown Soldier in Westminster Abbey the following day.
The tradtion dates back to when Elizabeth’s mother married her father, King George VI. The Queen mother’s elder brother, Fergus, had been killed in WWI before their wedding and, after their big day, the Queen mother laid her wedding bouquet on the Tomb of the Unknown Solider in memory of him and other soliders who had died in battle. All royal brides since have done the same.
A gorgeous and very grand affair, the Queen’s wedding cake stood nine-foot high and weighed 500 pounds. All four tiers were made from ingredients sent by the Australian Girl Guides and the cake was cut using Philip’s sword.
One layer was kept for the christening of their first child, Prince Charles, while another layer was sent back to Australia by way of thanks.
The cake was cut using the Duke of Edinburgh’s sword.